Composting is an easy and effective way to reduce your household waste and create nutrient-rich soil for your garden. Creating the best compost starts with understanding the different types of composting and the materials you can use.
Types of Composting There are two main types of composting: cold composting and hot composting. Cold composting is the simplest form of composting and involves mixing organic material such as leaves, grass clippings, and vegetable waste in a compost bin or pile. This material will break down over time, but it won’t produce compost as quickly as hot composting. Hot composting requires a more complex setup, but it produces compost more quickly. This involves creating a compost bin or pile that is well-aerated, insulated, and has three main layers of organic material: green material (such as fresh grass clippings and vegetable scraps), brown material (such as dry leaves and wood chips), and soil.
Materials for Composting The materials you can use for composting are vast. For cold composting, you can use grass clippings, vegetable and fruit scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, and tea bags. For hot composting, you can use the same materials in addition to sawdust, manure, and shredded paper.
Managing Your Compost The key to making the best compost is regularly turning your compost pile or bin. This ensures that oxygen is evenly distributed throughout the pile. You should also keep your compost moist but not wet, and make sure that the temperature of the compost does not get too hot (over 70c).
Composting is a great way to reduce your household waste and create nutrient-rich soil for your garden. With the right materials and management, you can create the best compost for your garden. Still feeling like you need some guidance, come join us at one of our composting classes.